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Wzorce siedziby szlacheckiej na ziemiach Królestwa Czeskiego w dobie renesansu – geneza, powinowactwo form i treści, oddziaływania

Kwaśniewski, Artur

English Title: Models of gentry residences in the Kingdom of Bohemia during the Renaissance – origins, similarities in form and content, influences

In: Kapustka, Mateusz ; Kozieł, Andrzej ; Oszczanowski, Piotr (Hrsgg.): Śląsk i Czechy. Wspólne drogi sztuki. Materiały konferencji naukowej dedykowanej Profesorowi Janowi Wrabecowi. Breslau 2007, pp. 175-188

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Translation of abstract (English)

Instances of mutual architectural influence between feudal residences in Silesia and the Klodzko (Glatz) County on the one hand and Bohemia and Moravia on the other during the Renaissance (1520-1650) were – despite political ties – sporadic. The similarities that can be observed with regard to the shaping of buildings, projections, articulation etc. were a consequence of common Central European or pan-European ideological and architectural (castle, palace, manor), functional, spatial and formal concepts. These models were determined by the retrospective character of the culture of social elites who stressed the "chivalric" or "land owning" aspect of their social status – hence the frequent emphasis on and the creation of the castle-like character of mansions, medieval origins of residences (by the "additive building conglomerates", preservation of old turrets) and the massiveness of buildings (proportions, sparse articulation, rustication); the use of the "architectura militaris" forms (attic copings, moats, barbican and bastion-type fortifications to create numerous variants of the "palazzo in fortezza"). The lack of closer inter-regional influences was a result of the nature of contacts between Silesian-Klodzko and Bohemian-Moravian gentry: they were public (royal offices and posts) rather than private. Marriages and migrations were limited by the language barrier and difficulties in obtaining the Bohemian inkolat (confirmation of indigenous gentry or nobility status) by foreign gentry. Marriages took places usually between aristocratic families. It is exactly in residences of aristocratic families in Silesia and Klodzko that we can observe the rare Bohemian borrowings (the "palazzo in fortezza" in Proszkow (Proskau) from 1563 – modelled on Kacerova and Nelahozevsi castles; the lunette cornice in Sarny (Scharfeneck) after 1590 – modelled on the Scharzenbergs’ palace in Prague and other residences of Bohemian magnates; Ratschinhof in Gorzanow (Grafenort), 1573 – built by Italian masons brought from Bohemia. The borrowings flowed just in one direction – the transfer of Silesian models to Bohemian lands remains still an unproven hypothesis.

Document type: Book Section
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2011 17:05
Faculties / Institutes: Research Project, Working Group > Individuals
DDC-classification: Architecture
Controlled Subjects: Schlesien, Böhmen, Adel, Palast, Schloss, Architektur, Geschichte 1520-1650
Subject (classification): Architecture
Countries/Regions: East Europe
Collection: ART-Dok Central and Eastern Europe