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Projekty Franza Schwechtena, Édouarda André i Stanisława Witkiewicza dla Połągi

Omilanowska, Małgorzata

English Title: The designs of Franz Schwechten, Édouard André and Stanislaw Witkiewicz for Palanga

In: Biuletyn Historii Sztuki, 68 (2006), Nr. 2. pp. 197-225

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Translation of abstract (English)

The Lithuanian seaside resort of Palanga (known to the Poles as Polaga), was founded on the initiative of one man: Feliks Tyszkiewicz. His imagination and financial muscle permitted him to employ such widely-known architects from Western Europe as Franz Heinrich Schwechten and the French designer of gardens, Édouard André, who together devised the combining of an imposing residence with an exclusive and modernist seaside spa town. Not everything included in the original plan was actually carried out, but what has been preserved alongside the surviving plans make it possible to recreate one of the most original private building initiatives from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the territories of pre-Partition Poland. Although the participation of Édouard André was already familiar to researchers, the part played by Franz Schwechten had remained doubtful, and it was only thanks to German investigations that all doubts as to this architect's involvement were finally dispelled. Other architects employed to design imposing constructions for Palanga included Mikolaj Oginski and Stanislaw Witkiewicz younger (pseudonym Witkacy), although their conceptions never came into being. All the same, the little town was transformed into an elegant seaside resort during the course of little more than a dozen years and provoking the declaration from 1913: "Let Polaga become in the North what Zakopane already is in the South".

Document type: Article
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2011 14:09
Faculties / Institutes: Research Project, Working Group > Individuals
DDC-classification: Architecture
Controlled Subjects: Schwechten, Franz, André, Édouard Francois (Architekt), Witkiewicz, Stanislaw, Polangen / Schloss, Architekturzeichnung
Subject (classification): Artists, Architects
Architecture
Countries/Regions: East Europe