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GIS as a tool for investigation of early Medieval climatic changes in the Kislovodsk Basin (Southern Russia)

Korobov, Dmitry

In: Posluschny, A. ; Lambers, K. ; Herzog, I. (Hrsgg.): Layers of Perception. Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Berlin, 2.-6. April 2007. Koll. Vor- u. Frühgesch. 10. Bonn 2008, pp. 399-404

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The paper details the results of using a special GIS-module to analyze climatic changes in the Kislovodsk basin. The main method is a computer simulation of micro-climatic conditions within grid cells of 500 x 500 m taking into account spatial and temporal changes in the global climate. The temperature of the Atlantic Ocean was raised in simulation by approximately 0.8 °C, leading to the climatic changes probably characteristic of this region during the Early Middle Ages. Based on this climatic model, the climate indicator variables for each site could be estimated and a hypothetical Medieval climate reconstructed for archaeological sites. Two major inhabited zones in the Kislovodsk basin were identified according to the altitude of the settlements. The chief result of this simulation is the hypothesis that in the Early Middle Ages the populated zones of the basin were suitable for agriculture apart from cattle farming.

Document type: Book Section
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 16:40
Faculties / Institutes: Research Project, Working Group > Individuals
DDC-classification: Andere Teile der alten Welt bis ca. 640
Controlled Keywords: Archäologie, Informatik, Computerunterstütztes Verfahren, Computervisualistik, Interdisziplinäre Forschung, Kislowodsk, Klimaforschung
Subject (classification): History of the ancient world to ca. 499
Countries/Regions: Other parts of ancient world (Antiquity)