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Planning and problem-solving training for patients with schizophrenia: a randomized controlled trial

Rodewald, Katlehn ; Rentrop, Mirjam ; Roesch-Ely, Daniela ; Backenstraß, Matthias ; Funke, Joachim ; Weisbrod, Matthias ; Kaiser, Stefan

In: BMC psychiatry, 11 (2011), Nr. 73.

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Background: The purpose of this study was to assess whether planning and problem-solving training is more effective in improving functional capacity in patients with schizophrenia than a training program addressing basic cognitive functions. Methods: Eighty-nine patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned either to a computer assisted training of planning and problem-solving or a training of basic cognition. Outcome variables included planning and problem-solving ability as well as functional capacity, which represents a proxy measure for functional outcome. Results: Planning and problem-solving training improved one measure of planning and problem-solving more strongly than basic cognition training, while two other measures of planning did not show a differential effect. Participants in both groups improved over time in functional capacity. There was no differential effect of the interventions on functional capacity. Conclusion: A differential effect of targeting specific cognitive functions on functional capacity could not be established. Small differences on cognitive outcome variables indicate a potential for differential effects. This will have to be addressed in further research including longer treatment programs and other settings.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC psychiatry
Volume: 11
Number: 73
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 10:39
Date: 2011
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Behavioural and Cultural Studies > Institute of Psychology
Subjects: 150 Psychology
Schriftenreihe ID: Works by Joachim Funke
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