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Evaluation of the clinical effectiveness of bioactive glass (S53P4) in the treatment of non-unions of the tibia and femur: study protocol of a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial

Tanner, Michael C. ; Heller, Raban ; Westhauser, Fabian ; Miska, Matthias ; Ferbert, Thomas ; Fischer, Christian ; Gantz, Simone ; Schmidmaier, Gerhard ; Haubruck, Patrick

In: Trials, 19 (2018), Nr. 299. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1468-6694

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Download (866kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragEvaluation of the clinical effectiveness of bioactive glass (S53P4) in the treatment of non-unions of the tibia and femur: study protocol of a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial by Tanner, Michael C. ; Heller, Raban ; Westhauser, Fabian ; Miska, Matthias ; Ferbert, Thomas ; Fischer, Christian ; Gantz, Simone ; Schmidmaier, Gerhard ; Haubruck, Patrick underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: Treatment of non-union remains challenging and often necessitates augmentation of the resulting defect with an autologous bone graft (ABG). ABG is limited in quantity and its harvesting incurs an additional surgical intervention leaving the risk for associated complications and morbidities. Therefore, artificial bone graft substitutes that might replace autologous bone are needed. S53P4-type bioactive glass (BaG) is a promising material which might be used as bone graft substitute due to its osteostimulative, conductive and antimicrobial properties. In this study, we plan to examine the clinical effectiveness of BaG as a bone graft substitute in Masquelet therapy in comparison with present standard Masquelet therapy using an ABG with tricalciumphosphate to fill the bone defect.

Methods/design: This randomized controlled, clinical non-inferiority trial will be carried out at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology at Heidelberg University. Patients who suffer from tibial or femoral non-unions with a segmental bone defect of 2–5 cm and who are receiving Masquelet treatment will be included in the study. The resulting bone defect will either be filled with autologous bone and tricalciumphosphate (control group, N = 25) or BaG (S53P4) (study group, N = 25). Subsequent to operative therapy, all patients will receive the same standardized follow-up procedures. The primary endpoint of the study is union achieved 1year after surgery.

Discussion: The results from the current study will help evaluate the clinical effectiveness of this promising biomaterial in non-union therapy. In addition, this randomized trial will help to identify potential benefits and limitations regarding the use of BaG in Masquelet therapy. Data from the study will increase the knowledge about BaG as a bone graft substitute as well as identify patients possibly benefiting from Masquelet therapy using BaG and those who are more likely to fail, thereby improving the quality of non-union treatment.

Trial registration: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS), ID: DRKS00013882 . Registered on 22 January 2018.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Trials
Volume: 19
Number: 299
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2018 08:40
Date: 2018
ISSN: 1468-6694
Page Range: pp. 1-9
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Chirurgische Universitätsklinik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Orthopädische Klinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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