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Uninflected relative verb forms as converbs and verbal rhemes. The two schemes of the emphatic construction as a detached adjectival phrase construction and as a truncated balanced sentence

Werning, Daniel A.

In: Grossman, Eitan ; Polis, Stéphane ; Stauder, Andréas ; Winand, Jean (Hrsgg.): On Forms and Functions. Studies in Ancient Egyptian grammar. Hamburg 2014, pp. 309-338 (Lingua Aegyptia Studia Monographica ; 15)

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First, it is argued that, in the Second Scheme of the Emphatic Construction, the use of the Uninflected Relative Forms (traditionally “Nominal Verb Forms”) as initial circumstantial clauses is similar to the use of adverbial participles and adverbial relative clauses in other languages. Accordingly, the construction is identified as a detached adjectival verb form construction (here “Detached Relative Form Construction”, DRF-Cx), in which the Uninflected Relative Verb Form serves as a “converb”, i.e., a less inflected, adjectival verb form that is used adverbially. In a second line of thought, it is hypothesized that the Emphatic Construction proper (“First Scheme”) was born from a Verbal Balanced Sentence Construction with two identical Uninflected Relative Forms plus an additional adverbial phrase, in which the second ‘twin’ Uninflected Relative Forms was omitted due to its semantic redundancy. In contrast to earlier accounts, this scenario explains simultaneously a) the construction’s semantic layout, i.e., the sequence ground––focused foreground and the effectively absolute tense interpretation of the Uninflected Relative Form; b) its morphosyntactic layout, i.e., Uninflected Relative Form––adverbial phrase); and c) its paradigmatic fingerprint which is similar to that of Nominal Sentences. Altogether, this analysis takes notably 1) the Adverbial Sentence Construction, 2) the Detached Relative Form Construction (“Second Scheme of the Emphatic Construction”), and 3) the Emphatic Construction proper, alias “Circumstance Focusing Construction” (CF-Cx) as three different, unrelated constructions, –– the latter, i.e. the CF-Cx, however, being related to the Verbal Balanced Sentence, i.e., a Nominal Sentence.

Document type: Book Section
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 08:01
Faculties / Institutes: Research Project, Working Group > Individuals
DDC-classification: Ägypten (Altertum)
Subject (Propylaeum): Egyptology
Controlled Subjects: Ägypten <Altertum>, Sprache, Grammatik
Uncontrolled Keywords: emphatic construction ; balanced sentence ; detached participle construction ; absolute participle construction ; adverbial participle construction ; relative clause ; converb ; pragmatic focus ; adverbial sentence ; Great Hymn to the Aten 12.
Subject (classification): Other Languages
Countries/Regions: Egypt (Antiquity)
Paper series:
Schriften von Daniel A. Werning11