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Dynamical model atmospheres for the abundance analysis of pulsating stars

Vasilyev, Valeriy

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The chemical composition of Cepheid variables can provide information on the chemo-dynamical evolution of the Galaxy and beyond. The standard method for determining atmospheric parameters and abundances of Cepheids is based on one-dimensional plane-parallel hydrostatic model atmospheres, where convection is treated by Mixing Length Theory. The aim of the thesis is to investigate the impact of the atmospheric dynamics on observable spectroscopic properties. Two approaches are followed: firstly, I construct one-dimensional pulsating atmosphere models implementing a non-local, time-dependent theory of convection, and secondly check the validity of the quasi-static approach against a two-dimensional dynamical Cepheid model.

The spectroscopic analysis of the classical Cepheid KQ Scorpii with my one-dimensional model showed that pulsations do not produce strong enough velocity gradients in the line-formation region to explain the estimated microturbulent velocities. The spectroscopic investigation of the two-dimensional Cepheid model allowed to explain the residual line-of-sight velocity of Galactic Cepheids, long known as the “K-term”, by lineshifts of convective origin. Moreover, hydrostatic 1D model atmospheres can provide unbiased estimates of stellar parameters and abundances of Cepheids for particular phases of their pulsations. Summarizing, the main result is a change of paradigm in the context of spectroscopic investigations of Cepheids toward a greater importance of convection than thought previously.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Christlieb, Prof. Dr. Norbert
Date of thesis defense: 7 February 2018
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 08:23
Date: 2018
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy > Dekanat der Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie
Service facilities > Max-Planck-Institute allgemein > MPI for Astronomy
Subjects: 520 Astronomy and allied sciences
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