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Prevalence and associated factors of anemia in a Russian population: the Ural eye and medical study

Bikbov, Mukharram M. ; Kazakbaeva, Gyulli M. ; Zainullin, Rinat M. ; Salavatova, Venera F. ; Gilmanshin, Timur R. ; Yakupova, Dilya F. ; Uzianbaeva, Yulia V. ; Arslangareeva, Inga I. ; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra ; Mukhamadieva, Svetlana R. ; Khikmatullin, Renat I. ; Aminev, Said K. ; Nuriev, Ildar F. ; Zaynetdinov, Artur F. ; Jonas, Jost B.

In: BMC Public Health, 19 (2019), Nr. 762. pp. 1-15. ISSN 1471-2458

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Download (807kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragPrevalence and associated factors of anemia in a Russian population: the Ural eye and medical study by Bikbov, Mukharram M. ; Kazakbaeva, Gyulli M. ; Zainullin, Rinat M. ; Salavatova, Venera F. ; Gilmanshin, Timur R. ; Yakupova, Dilya F. ; Uzianbaeva, Yulia V. ; Arslangareeva, Inga I. ; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra ; Mukhamadieva, Svetlana R. ; Khikmatullin, Renat I. ; Aminev, Said K. ; Nuriev, Ildar F. ; Zaynetdinov, Artur F. ; Jonas, Jost B. underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: Although anemia is one of the leading causes of the global burden of disease, information about its prevalence in Russia is mostly missing. We therefore assessed its prevalence and associated factors in a Russian population.

Methods: The population-based Ural Eye and Medical Study included 5899 (80.5%) out of 7328 eligible individuals (mean age:59.0 ± 10.7 years;range:40–94 years) who underwent a standardized interview and detailed general examination. The definition of anemia was based on the hemoglobin concentration (definition #1:hemoglobin concentration < 140 g/L in men,< 130 g/L in women; definition #2:hemoglobin concentration < 130 g/L in men,< 120 g/L in women [World Health Organization definition]).

Results: Higher hemoglobin concentration (mean:142.6 ± 14.8 g/L; range:80-171 g/L) was associated (multivariable analysis) with male gender (P < 0.001; standardized regression coefficient beta:-0.20), higher waist-hip circumference ratio (P < 0.001;beta:0.05), higher prevalence of car ownership (P < 0.001;beta:0.05), higher blood concentrations of bilirubin (P < 0.001;beta:0.05) and triglycerides (P < 0.001;beta:0.06), lower erythrocyte sedimentation rate (P < 0.001;beta:-0.32), and shorter blood clotting time (P < 0.001;beta:-0.39). Using definition #1 and #2, anemia was detected in 1385 individuals (23.6%;95% confidence interval CI)CI:22.5,24.7) and in 453 individuals (7.7%;95%CI:7.0,8.4), respectively. Prevalence of moderate anemia (hemoglobin concenttration:110 g/L-80 g/L), detected in 165 individuals (2.8%;95%CI:2.4,3.2), increased with younger age (P = 0.008;odds ratio (OR):0.98;95%CI:0.96,0.99), female gender (P < 0.001;OR:2.52;95%CI:1.47,4.33), higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (P < 0.001;OR:1.08;95%CI:1.06,1.09), longer blood clotting time (P < 0.001;OR:8.56;95%CI:5.68,12.9), and marginally significantly, with a lower waist-hip circumference ratio (P = 0.058;OR:0.13;95%CI:0.02,1.07). In women, it was significantly (P < 0.001) higher before menopause (8.8%;95%CI:6.4,11.1) than after menopause (3.5%;95%CI:2.8,4.3).

Conclusions: In this Russian population as compared to populations from countries with a similar socio-demographic index, anemia prevalence was relatively low. As in other populations, higher anemia prevalence was strongly and inversely associated with menopause, and to a minor degree, with lower waist-hip circumference ratio and lower socio-economic background.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Public Health
Volume: 19
Number: 762
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2019 10:11
Date: 2019
ISSN: 1471-2458
Page Range: pp. 1-15
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim > Augenklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anemia, Russia, Population-based study, Ural eye and medical study
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