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Home-based intervention to test and start (HITS) protocol: a cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce HIV-related mortality in men and HIV incidence in women through increased coverage of HIV treatment

Mathenjwa, T. ; Kim, H.-Y. ; Zuma, T. ; Shahmanesh, M. ; Seeley, J. ; Matthews, P. ; Wyke, S. ; McGrath, N. ; Sartorius, B. ; Yapa, H. M. ; Adeagbo, O. ; Blandford, A. ; Dobra, A. ; Bäernighausen, T. ; Tanser, F.

In: BMC Public Health, 19 (2019), Nr. 969. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1471-2458

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragHome-based intervention to test and start (HITS) protocol: a cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce HIV-related mortality in men and HIV incidence in women through increased coverage of HIV treatment by Mathenjwa, T. ; Kim, H.-Y. ; Zuma, T. ; Shahmanesh, M. ; Seeley, J. ; Matthews, P. ; Wyke, S. ; McGrath, N. ; Sartorius, B. ; Yapa, H. M. ; Adeagbo, O. ; Blandford, A. ; Dobra, A. ; Bäernighausen, T. ; Tanser, F. underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: To realize the full benefits of treatment as prevention in many hyperendemic African contexts, there is an urgent need to increase uptake of HIV testing and HIV treatment among men to reduce the rate of HIV transmission to (particularly young) women. This trial aims to evaluate the effect of two interventions - micro-incentives and a tablet-based male-targeted HIV decision support application - on increasing home-based HIV testing and linkage to HIV care among men with the ultimate aim of reducing HIV-related mortality in men and HIV incidence in young women.

Methods/design: This is a cluster randomized trial of 45 communities (clusters) in a rural area in the uMkhanyakude district of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa (2018–2021). The study is built upon the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI)‘s HIV testing platform, which offers annual home-based rapid HIV testing to individuals aged 15 years and above. In a 2 × 2 factorial design, individuals aged ≥15 years living in the 45 clusters are randomly assigned to one of four arms: i) a financial micro-incentive (food voucher) (n = 8); ii) male-targeted HIV specific decision support (EPIC-HIV) (n = 8); iii) both the micro incentives and male-targeted decision support (n = 8); and iv) standard of care (n = 21). The EPIC-HIV application is developed and delivered via a tablet to encourage HIV testing and linkage to care among men. A mixed method approach is adopted to supplement the randomized control trial and meet the study aims.

Discussion: The findings of this trial will provide evidence on the feasibility and causal impact of two interventions - micro-incentives and a male-targeted HIV specific decision support - on uptake of home-based HIV testing, linkage to care, as well as population health outcomes including population viral load, HIV related mortality in men, and HIV incidence in young women (15-30 years of age).

Trial registration: This trial was registered on 28 November 2018 on, identifier https://clinicaltrials.gov/.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Public Health
Volume: 19
Number: 969
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 10:41
Date: 2019
ISSN: 1471-2458
Page Range: pp. 1-10
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Public Health (IPH)
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV, Home-based HIV testing, Financial incentives, Counselling, Linkage to care
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