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Fishing Fleet Selectivity in Lake Victoria's Nile Perch Fishery

Gómez-Cardona, Santiago ; Kammerer, Johannes ; Mrosso, Hillary

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Abstract

Current regulations regarding the Nile Perch Fishery in Lake Victoria provide gear specifications for the two main gears employed, Gillnets and Longlines, by defining the minimum size available. Additionally, the legal range of catchable fish is regulated: between 50 and 84 cm. Gillnets are legal over 5 inches, and the Hooks, required for Longlining, are legal from number 10 and below (lower numbers refer to higher sizes). Using data from the Catch Assessment Survey, CAS, we identify gear selectivity for Gillnets and Longlines. We use a novel methodology, that is validated using previous results for Gillnets for Lake Victoria. This is particular relevant as there is no much data for selectivity using Longlines. The information on selectivity is used to derive the overall fishing selectivity of the fleet. We find evidence of shift towards higher fish sizes in the Gillnet fleet, but a stagnation on fish sizes for the Longline fleet, even though there has been a compositional change in the hook sizes employed for this activity. The results signal towards a regulatory success among Gillnet users, but challenges in the regulation of Longliners.

Document type: Working paper
Series Name: Discussion Paper Series / University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics
Volume: 0712
Place of Publication: Heidelberg
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 12:05
Date: 2022
Number of Pages: 17
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Economics and Social Studies > Alfred-Weber-Institut for Economics
DDC-classification: 330 Economics
Controlled Keywords: Lake Victoria
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gear Selectivity, Gillnets, Hooks, Nile Perch Fishery
Schriftenreihe ID: Discussion Paper Series / University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics
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