Directly to content
  1. Publishing |
  2. Search |
  3. Browse |
  4. Recent items rss |
  5. Open Access |
  6. Jur. Issues |
  7. DeutschClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The Housing Model xiaoqu: the Expression of an Increasing Polarization of the Urban Population in Chinese Cities?

Wallenwein, Fabienne

PDF, English
Download (2MB) | Terms of use

Citation of documents: Please do not cite the URL that is displayed in your browser location input, instead use the DOI, URN or the persistent URL below, as we can guarantee their long-time accessibility.


With the beginning of a rapid modernization after the Reform and Opening in 1978, the formation of a Chinese housing market and its diversification generated different types of housing in the urban areas. The housing model xiaoqu which has its origins in the "neighborhood unit" as well as the Soviet-style "microdistrict" is the central issue of this study. As housing development has been very diverse among different metropolitan areas, a valid definition of the housing model is formulated primarily which not only concentrates on design and planning but takes social characteristics into account as well. In a second step, three socially differentiated groups of xiaoqu are established in accordance with two former studies on the topic. The analysis of these three groups then sets a major focus on social issues, such as the formation of interest groups and the cultivation of a 'shared lifestyle' or 'culture'. The study finds that there are very clear differences between the different xiaoqu. It is necessary to include social characteristics to enable a definite differentiation between the three groups. "High-level neighborhoods" and "mid-level neighborhoods" can be distinguished through differences in facilities and services they provide as well as the residents' tendency to organize themselves and defend their interests. While the facilities and services in "lower-income neighborhoods" and "mid-level neighborhoods" do not differ markedly, their difference lies in the professional occupation of residents, a possible inclusion of social welfare housing and the performance of property management.

Item Type: Master's thesis
Supervisor: Müller-Saini, Prof. Dr. Gotelind
Date of thesis defense: 3 February 2014
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2014 07:13
Date: 2014
Faculties / Institutes: Philosophische Fakultät > Institut für Sinologie
Subjects: 300 Social sciences
720 Architecture
Controlled Keywords: China, housing, urban development
About | FAQ | Contact | Imprint |
OA-LogoDINI certificate 2013Logo der Open-Archives-Initiative