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Pig kidney transplantation: an up-to-date guideline

Golriz, Mohammad ; Fonouni, Hamidreza ; Nickkholgh, Arash ; Hafezi, Mohammadreza ; Garoussi, Camelia ; Mehrabi, Arianeb

In: European surgical research, 49 (2012), Nr. 3-4. pp. 121-129. ISSN 0014-312X

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Abstract

Background: Swine and human beings have many aspects in common that make swine a well-characterized large animal model for kidney transplantation (KTx). However, pigs have some peculiar anatomical characteristics that standardized techniques must adapt to. The aim of this study was to prepare an up-to-date guideline for porcine KTx. Methods: To achieve this goal, we performed a Medline search using the terminology ”kidney’ or ”renal’ and ”transplantation’ and ”pig’ or ”swine’ or ”porcine’. We found over 1,300 published articles since 1963. Only 13 studies focused on the surgical aspect. Furthermore, we reviewed related books and articles about swine anatomical characteristics and surgery. Finally, our experimental experiences of KTx during the last few decades were added to this collection. Results: Proper hosting, fasting, anesthesia, medical therapy and monitoring can prevent postoperative complications. Explantation with a Carrel patch of the aorta facilitates the implantation and prevents future stenosis. Native nephrectomy makes the follow-up of the implanted organ more precise. KTx in the infrarenal fossa via end-to-side anastomosis to the aorta and inferior vena cava followed by ureteroureterostomy are the recommended options for KTx in pigs compared to other possible methods. Conclusion: Pigs, with respect to their characterizations, constitute one of the best large animal models for KTx. Preoperative preparations are as important as the intra- and postoperative management. Using the most adaptable methods of surgery with respect to the specific anatomical characteristics of pigs can prevent undermining the studies and avoid preventable complications and pitfalls. Copyright (c) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: European surgical research
Volume: 49
Number: 3-4
Publisher: S. Karger AG
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2014 08:48
Date: 2012
ISSN: 0014-312X
Page Range: pp. 121-129
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Chirurgische Universitätsklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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