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Falciparum malaria in young children of rural Burkina Faso: comparison of survey data in 1999 with 2009

Beiersmann, Claudia ; Bountogo, Mamadou ; Tiendrébeogo, Justin ; De Allegri, Manuela ; Louis, Valérie R. ; Coulibaly, Boubacar ; Yé, Maurice ; Müller, Olaf

In: Malaria journal, 10 (2011), Nr. 296. pp. 1-5. ISSN 1475-2875

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Download (137kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragFalciparum malaria in young children of rural Burkina Faso: comparison of survey data in 1999 with 2009 by Beiersmann, Claudia ; Bountogo, Mamadou ; Tiendrébeogo, Justin ; De Allegri, Manuela ; Louis, Valérie R. ; Coulibaly, Boubacar ; Yé, Maurice ; Müller, Olaf underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: Roll Back Malaria (RBM) interventions such as insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITN) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) have become implemented with different velocities in the endemic countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in recent years. There is conflicting evidence on how much can be achieved under real life conditions with the current interventions in the highly endemic savannah areas of SSA. Methods: The study took place in a rural area of north-western Burkina Faso, which was defined as holoendemic in 1999. Clinical and parasitological data were compared in two cohorts of young children of the same age range from eight villages. Surveys took place in June and December of the year 1999 and 2009 respectively. Results: Prevalence of mosquito net use increased from 22% in 1999 to 73% in 2009, with the majority of nets being ITNs in 2009. In 2009, P. falciparum prevalence was significantly lower compared to 1999 (overall reduction of 22.8%). Conclusions: The reduction in malaria prevalence in young children observed between 1999 and 2009 in a rural and formerly malaria holoendemic area of Burkina Faso is likely attributable to the increase in ITN availability and utilization over time.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Malaria journal
Volume: 10
Number: 296
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 27 May 2015 06:42
Date: 2011
ISSN: 1475-2875
Page Range: pp. 1-5
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Public Health (IPH)
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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