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Computable General Equilibrium Modelling in the Context of Trade and Environmental Policy

Koesler, Simon Tobias

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Abstract

This thesis is dedicated to the evaluation of environmental policies in the context of climate change. Its objectives are twofold.

Its first part is devoted to the development of potent instruments for quantitative impact analysis of environmental policy. In this context, the main contributions include the development of a new computable general equilibrium (CGE) model which makes use of the new comprehensive and coherent World Input-Output Dataset (WIOD) and which features a detailed representation of bilateral and bisectoral trade flows. Moreover it features an investigation of input substitutability to provide modellers with adequate estimates for key elasticities as well as a discussion and amelioration of the standard base year calibration procedure of most CGE models.

Building on these tools, the second part applies the improved modelling framework and studies the economic implications of environmental policy. This includes an analysis of so called rebound effects, which are triggered by energy efficiency improvements and reduce their net benefit, an investigation of how firms restructure their production processes in the presence of carbon pricing mechanisms, and an analysis of a regional maritime emission trading scheme as one of the possible options to reduce emissions of international shipping in the EU context.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Löschel, Prof. Dr. Andreas
Date of thesis defense: 16 March 2015
Date Deposited: 18 May 2015 06:29
Date: 2015
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Economics and Social Studies > Alfred-Weber-Institut for Economics
Subjects: 330 Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords: computable general equilibrium, climate policy, energy policy
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