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How does globalization affect ecological pressures? A robust empirical analysis using the Ecological Footprint

Rudolph , Alexandra ; Figge, Lukas

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Abstract

While the relationship between environmental pressures and globalization is often claimed to be unambiguously positive, there is a substantial gap in the literature regarding systematic evidence. We fill this gap by empirically disentangling the nexus between globalization and environmental degradation while at the same time taking the multidimensionality of the concepts serious. The Ecological Footprint (EF) provides a holistic approach to environmental degradation. We generate a data set covering 146 countries over the 1981-2009 period and use an Extreme Bounds Analysis (EBA) to identify a robust set of controls testing different claims of the literature. Subsequently, we test our hypothesis regarding globalization controlling for this vector of controls. Our findings suggest that the simple positive correlation has to be interpreted with care, since the multivariate analysis reveals a more detailed picture of the complex relationship.

Item Type: Working paper
Series Name: Discussion Paper Series, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics
Volume: 0599
Place of Publication: Heidelberg
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2015 14:02
Date: August 2015
Number of Pages: 34
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Economics and Social Studies > Alfred-Weber-Institut for Economics
Subjects: 330 Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological Footprint; Globalization; EBA; Global environmental change
Schriftenreihe ID: Discussion Paper Series / University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics
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