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Instruments for reproducible setting of defects in cartilage and harvesting of osteochondral plugs for standardisation of preclinical tests for articular cartilage regeneration

Schwarz, Markus L ; Schneider-Wald, Barbara ; Brade, Joachim ; Schleich, Dieter ; Schütte, Andy ; Reisig, Gregor

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 10 (2015), Nr. 117. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1749-799X

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Download (2MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragInstruments for reproducible setting of defects in cartilage and harvesting of osteochondral plugs for standardisation of preclinical tests for articular cartilage regeneration by Schwarz, Markus L ; Schneider-Wald, Barbara ; Brade, Joachim ; Schleich, Dieter ; Schütte, Andy ; Reisig, Gregor underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: Standardisation is required in research, so are approval procedures for advanced therapy medical products and other procedures for articular cartilage therapies. The process of creating samples needs to be reproducible. The aim of this study was to design, create and validate instruments (1) to create reproducible and accurate defects and (2) to isolate samples in the shape of osteochondral cylinders in a quick, reliable and sterile manner. Methods: Adjustable instruments were created: a crown mill with a resolution of 0.05 mm and a front mill to create defects in articular cartilage and subchondral bone. The instruments were tested on knee joints of pigs from the slaughterhouse; 48 defects were created and evaluated. A punching machine was designed to harvest osteochondral plugs. These were validated in an in vivo animal study. Results: The instruments respect the desired depth of 0.5 and 1.5 mm when creating the defects, depending on whether the person using the instrument is highly experienced (0.451 mm; confidence interval (CI): 0.390 mm; 0.512 mm and 1.403 mm; CI: 1.305 mm; 1.502 mm) or less so (0.369 mm; CI: 0.297 mm; 0.440 mm and 1.241 mm; CI: 1.141 mm; 1.341 mm). Eighty samples were taken from knee joints of Göttingen Minipigs with this punching technique. The time needed for the harvesting of the samples was 7.52 min (±2.18 min), the parallelism of the sides of the cylinders deviated by −0.63° (CI: −1.33°; 0.08°) and the surface of the cartilage deviated from the perpendicularity by 4.86° (CI: 4.154°; 5.573°). In all assessed cases, a sterile procedure was observed. Conclusions: Instruments and procedures for standardised creation and validation of defects in articular cartilage and subchondral bone were designed. Harvesting of samples in the shape of osteochondral cylinders can now be performed in a quick, reliable and sterile manner. The presented instruments and procedures can serve as helpful steps towards standardised operating procedures in the field of regenerative therapies of articular cartilage in research and for regulatory requirements.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume: 10
Number: 117
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 09:37
Date: 2015
ISSN: 1749-799X
Page Range: pp. 1-11
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim > Orthopädische Klinik
Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim > Medizinische Statistik, Biomathematik und Informationsverarbeitung
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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