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Evaluating the predictive value of biomarkers for efficacy outcomes in response to pertuzumab- and trastuzumab-based therapy: an exploratory analysis of the TRYPHAENA study

Schneeweiß, Andreas ; Chia, Stephen ; Hegg, Roberto ; Tausch, Christoph ; Deb, Rahul ; Ratnayake, Jayantha ; McNally, Virginia ; Ross, Graham ; Kiermaier, Astrid ; Cortés, Javier

In: Breast Cancer Research, 16 (2014), Nr. R73. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1465-542X

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Download (753kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragEvaluating the predictive value of biomarkers for efficacy outcomes in response to pertuzumab- and trastuzumab-based therapy: an exploratory analysis of the TRYPHAENA study by Schneeweiß, Andreas ; Chia, Stephen ; Hegg, Roberto ; Tausch, Christoph ; Deb, Rahul ; Ratnayake, Jayantha ; McNally, Virginia ; Ross, Graham ; Kiermaier, Astrid ; Cortés, Javier underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Introduction: Molecular markers that predict responses to particular therapies are invaluable for optimization of patient treatment. The TRYPHAENA study showed that pertuzumab and trastuzumab with chemotherapy was an efficacious and tolerable combination for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer in the neoadjuvant setting. We analyzed whether particular biomarkers correlated with the responses observed and therefore may predict outcomes in patients given pertuzumab plus trastuzumab. Methods: We describe the analysis of a panel of biomarkers including HER2, human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) by qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and PCR-based mutational analyses as appropriate. For each marker analyzed, patients were categorized into ‘low’ (generally below median) or ‘high’ (generally above median) subgroups at baseline and post-treatment. Results: Correlation of marker subgroups with the achievement of a pathological complete response (pCR) (ypT0/is) was analyzed. HER2 protein and mRNA expression levels were associated with pCR rate in two of the three study arms and the pooled analyses. Correlations of biomarker status with pCR occurred in one individual arm only and the pooled analyses with EGFR and PTEN; however, interpretation of these results is limited by a strong imbalance in patient numbers between the high and low subgroups and inconsistency between arms. We also found no association between expression levels of TOP2A and pCR rate in either the anthracycline-containing or free arms of TRYPHAENA. Conclusions: According to these analyses, and in line with other analyses of pertuzumab and trastuzumab in the neoadjuvant setting, we conclude that HER2 expression remains the only marker suitable for patient selection for this regimen at present. Trial registration: The TRYPHAENA study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00976989, on September 14 2009.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Breast Cancer Research
Volume: 16
Number: R73
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 13:33
Date: 2014
ISSN: 1465-542X
Page Range: pp. 1-12
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Universitäts-Frauenklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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