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Cost-effectiveness of peer role play and standardized patients in undergraduate communication training

Bosse, Hans Martin ; Nickel, Martin ; Huwendiek, Sören ; Schultz, Jobst Hendrik ; Nikendei, Christoph

In: BMC Medical Education, 15 (2015), Nr. 183. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1472-6920

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Download (518kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragCost-effectiveness of peer role play and standardized patients in undergraduate communication training by Bosse, Hans Martin ; Nickel, Martin ; Huwendiek, Sören ; Schultz, Jobst Hendrik ; Nikendei, Christoph underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: The few studies directly comparing the methodological approach of peer role play (RP) and standardized patients (SP) for the delivery of communication skills all suggest that both methods are effective. In this study we calculated the costs of both methods (given comparable outcomes) and are the first to generate a differential cost-effectiveness analysis of both methods. Methods: Medical students in their prefinal year were randomly assigned to one of two groups receiving communication training in Pediatrics either with RP (N = 34) or 19 individually trained SP (N = 35). In an OSCE with standardized patients using the Calgary-Cambridge Referenced Observation Guide both groups achieved comparable high scores (results published). In this study, corresponding costs were assessed as man-hours resulting from hours of work of SP and tutors. A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed. Results: Cost-effectiveness analysis revealed a major advantage for RP as compared to SP (112 vs. 172 man hours; cost effectiveness ratio .74 vs. .45) at comparable performance levels after training with both methods. Conclusions: While both peer role play and training with standardized patients have their value in medical curricula, RP has a major advantage in terms of cost-effectiveness. This could be taken into account in future decisions.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Medical Education
Volume: 15
Number: 183
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2016 09:59
Date: 2015
ISSN: 1472-6920
Page Range: pp. 1-6
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Universitätsklinik für Anaesthesiologie
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Psychosomatische Universitätsklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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