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General and disease-specific quality of life in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media - a prospective study

Baumann, Ingo ; Gerendas, Bianca ; Plinkert, Peter K. ; Praetorius, Mark

In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9 (2011), Nr. 48. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1477-7525

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Abstract

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is frequently associated with symptoms of inflammation like discharge from the ear or pain. In many cases, patients suffer from hearing loss causing communication problems and social withdrawal. The objective of this work was to collect prospective audiological data and data on general and disease-specific quality of life with validated quality of life measurement instruments to assess the impact of the disease on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). Methods: 121 patients were included in the study. Patients were clinically examined in the hospital before and 6 months after surgery including audiological testing. They filled in the quality of life questionnaires SF-36 and Chronic Otitis Media Outcome Test 15 (COMOT-15) pre-operatively and 6 and 12 months post-operatively, respectively. Results: Complete data records from 90 patients were available for statistical analysis. Disease-specific HR-QOL in patients with CSOM improved after tympanoplasty in all the scales of the COMOT-15. There was no difference in HR-QOL assessment between patients with mesotympanic respectively epitympanic CSOM. However, we did find the outcome to be worse in patients who received revision surgery compared with those receiving primary surgery. Audiometric findings correlated very well with the subscale hearing function from the COMOT-15 questionnaire. General HR-QOL measured with the SF-36 was not significantly changed by tympanoplasty. Conclusions: Tympanoplasty did lead to a significant improvement of disease-specific HR-QOL in patients with CSOM while general HR-QOL did not change. Very well correlations were found between the subscale hearing function from the COMOT-15 questionnaire and audiological findings. Revision surgery seems to be a predictor for a worse outcome.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Volume: 9
Number: 48
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2016 11:53
Date: 2011
ISSN: 1477-7525
Page Range: pp. 1-6
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > HNO-Universitätsklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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