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Gender-related traits as predictors of alcohol use in male German and Spanish university students

Zimmermann, Friederike ; Sieverding, Monika ; Müller, Stephanie M.

In: Sex roles : a journal of research, 64 (March 2011), Nr. 5. pp. 394-404. ISSN 0360-0025

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-010-9897-9
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Abstract

This study examined instrumental (masculine stereotyped) and expressive (feminine stereotyped) personality traits and alcohol use among men from Germany and Spain. Participants were 161 male university students (76 German, M-age=23 years; 77 Spanish, M-age=22 years), who completed either a daytime or a nighttime drinking questionnaire, each including a Short Form of the Bem Sex Role Inventory. Poisson regression analyses with latent predictors were conducted. The trait factors and their interactions with nationality predicted daytime and nighttime alcohol use. The results add support to the assumption that alcohol use is associated with the construction of masculinity and that internalization of traditionally female attributes protects against health-risk behaviors such as alcohol consumption.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Sex roles : a journal of research
Volume: 64
Number: 5
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: New York, NY
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2015 14:14
Date: March 2011
ISSN: 0360-0025
Page Range: pp. 394-404
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Behavioural and Cultural Studies > Institute of Psychology
Subjects: 150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gender role, Masculine attributes, Feminine attributes, Alcohol, Cross-national research
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