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A cross-sectional controlled developmental study of neuropsychological functions in patients with glutaric aciduria type I

Boy, Nikolas ; Heringer, Jana ; Haege, Gisela ; Glahn, Esther M. ; Hoffmann, Georg F. ; Garbade, Sven F. ; Kölker, Stefan ; Burgard, Peter

In: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 10 (2015), Nr. 163. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1750-1172

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Download (720kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragA cross-sectional controlled developmental study of neuropsychological functions in patients with glutaric aciduria type I by Boy, Nikolas ; Heringer, Jana ; Haege, Gisela ; Glahn, Esther M. ; Hoffmann, Georg F. ; Garbade, Sven F. ; Kölker, Stefan ; Burgard, Peter underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is an inherited metabolic disease due to deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH). Cognitive functions are generally thought to be spared, but have not yet been studied in detail. Methods: Thirty patients detected by newborn screening (n = 13), high-risk screening (n = 3) or targeted metabolic testing (n = 14) were studied for simple reaction time (SRT), continuous performance (CP), visual working memory (VWM), visual-motor coordination (Tracking) and visual search (VS). Dystonia (n = 13 patients) was categorized using the Barry-Albright-Dystonia Scale (BADS). Patients were compared with 196 healthy controls. Developmental functions of cognitive performances were analysed using a negative exponential function model. Results: BADS scores correlated with speed tests but not with tests measuring stability or higher cognitive functions without time constraints. Developmental functions of GA-I patients significantly differed from controls for SRT and VS but not for VWM and showed obvious trends for CP and Tracking. Dystonic patients were slower in SRT and CP but reached their asymptote of performance similar to asymptomatic patients and controls in all tests. Asymptomatic patients did not differ from controls, except showing significantly better results in Tracking and a trend for slower reactions in visual search. Data across all age groups of patients and controls fitted well to a model of negative exponential development. Conclusions: Dystonic patients predominantly showed motor speed impairment, whereas performance improved with higher cognitive load. Patients without motor symptoms did not differ from controls. Developmental functions of cognitive performances were similar in patients and controls. Performance in tests with higher cognitive demand might be preserved in GA-I, even in patients with striatal degeneration.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Volume: 10
Number: 163
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2016 14:06
Date: 2015
ISSN: 1750-1172
Page Range: pp. 1-12
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Universitätskinderklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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