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In-Time Parallelization Of Atmospheric Chemical Kinetics

Beck, Teresa

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Abstract

This work investigates the potential of an in-time parallelization of atmospheric chemical ki- netics. Its numerical calculation is one time-consuming step within the numerical prediction of the air quality. The widely used parallelization strategies only allow a limited potential level of parallelism. A higher level of parallelism within the codes will be necessary to enable benefits from future exa-scale computing architectures. In air quality prediction codes, chem- ical kinetics is typically considered to react in isolated boxes over short splitting intervals. This allows their trivial parallelization in space, which however is limited by the number of grid entities. This work pursues a parallelization beyond this trivial potential and investigates a parallelization across time using the so called “parareal algorithm”. The latter is an iterative prediction-correction scheme, whose efficiency strongly depends on the choice of the predictor. For that purpose, different options are being investigate and compared: Time-stepping schemes with fixed step size, adaptive time-stepping schemes and repro-models, functional representations, that map a given state to a later state in time. Only the choice of repromodels leads to a speed-up through parallelism, compared to the sequential reference for the scenarios considered here.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Heuveline, Prof. Dr. Vincent
Date of thesis defense: 21 December 2015
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2016 09:38
Date: 2016
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science > Department of Applied Mathematics
Subjects: 500 Natural sciences and mathematics
Controlled Keywords: Atmosphärische Chemie, Meteorologie
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parareal
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