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Microarray-based approach identifies microRNAs and their target functional patterns in polycystic kidney disease

Pandey, Priyanka ; Brors, Benedikt ; Srivastava, Prashant K. ; Bott, Andrea ; Böhn, Susanne NE ; Gröne, Herrmann-Josef ; Gretz, Norbert

In: BMC Genomics, 9 (2008), Nr. 624. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2164

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragMicroarray-based approach identifies microRNAs and their target functional patterns in polycystic kidney disease by Pandey, Priyanka ; Brors, Benedikt ; Srivastava, Prashant K. ; Bott, Andrea ; Böhn, Susanne NE ; Gröne, Herrmann-Josef ; Gretz, Norbert underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in mammalian gene expression and several cellular processes, including differentiation, development, apoptosis and cancer pathomechanisms. Recently the biological importance of primary cilia has been recognized in a number of human genetic diseases. Numerous disorders are related to cilia dysfunction, including polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Although involvement of certain genes and transcriptional networks in PKD development has been shown, not much is known how they are regulated molecularly. Results: Given the emerging role of miRNAs in gene expression, we explored the possibilities of miRNA-based regulations in PKD. Here, we analyzed the simultaneous expression changes of miRNAs and mRNAs by microarrays. 935 genes, classified into 24 functional categories, were differentially regulated between PKD and control animals. In parallel, 30 miRNAs were differentially regulated in PKD rats: our results suggest that several miRNAs might be involved in regulating genetic switches in PKD. Furthermore, we describe some newly detected miRNAs, miR-31 and miR-217, in the kidney which have not been reported previously. We determine functionally related gene sets, or pathways to reveal the functional correlation between differentially expressed mRNAs and miRNAs. Conclusion: We find that the functional patterns of predicted miRNA targets and differentially expressed mRNAs are similar. Our results suggest an important role of miRNAs in specific pathways underlying PKD.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Genomics
Volume: 9
Number: 624
Publisher: BioMed Central; Springer
Place of Publication: London; Berlin; Heidelberg
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2016 12:16
Date: 2008
ISSN: 1471-2164
Page Range: pp. 1-17
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim > Zentrum für Medizinische Forschung
Service facilities > German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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