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Study protocol - efficacy of an attachment-based working alliance in the multimodal pain treatment

Pfeifer, Ann-Christin ; Amelung, Dorothee ; Gerigk, Carina ; Schröter, Corinna ; Ehrenthal, Johannes ; Neubauer, Eva ; Schiltenwolf, Marcus

In: BMC Psychology, 4 (2016), Nr. 10. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2050-7283

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragStudy protocol - efficacy of an attachment-based working alliance in the multimodal pain treatment by Pfeifer, Ann-Christin ; Amelung, Dorothee ; Gerigk, Carina ; Schröter, Corinna ; Ehrenthal, Johannes ; Neubauer, Eva ; Schiltenwolf, Marcus underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: The concept of attachment is relevant for the onset and development of chronic pain. Insecure attachment styles negatively affect therapeutic outcome. Insecurely attached patients seem to be less able to sustain positive effects of a multimodal treatment program. However, it has never been tested before if an attachment-oriented approach can improve treatment results of insecurely attached patients in a multimodal outpatient setting. To test this assumption, we compare the short- and long-term outcomes for pain patients who will receive multidisciplinary, attachment-oriented treatment with the outcomes for patients in a control group, who will receive the multidisciplinary state-of-the-art treatment. Methods: Two patient groups (baseline, attachment intervention) are assessed before treatment, after treatment, and at a 6 month follow-up. The study is conducted in a block design: After data collection of the first block (controls) and before as well as during data collection for the second block (treatment group), the health care personnel of the outpatient pain clinic receives training on attachment theory and its use in the therapeutic context. Pain intensity as measured with visual analogue scales and physical functioning will serve as the primary outcome measures. Discussion: The design of our study allows for a continuous exchange of experienced team members, which may help bring about concrete attachment related guidelines for the enhancement of therapeutic outcome. This would be the first attempt at an attachment-oriented improvement of multimodal pain programs. Conclusion: An attachment-based approach may be a promising way to enhance long-term treatment outcomes for insecurely attached pain patients. Trial registration: DRKS00008715 (registered on the 3rd of June 2015).

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Psychology
Volume: 4
Number: 10
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2016 09:21
Date: 2016
ISSN: 2050-7283
Page Range: pp. 1-10
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Behavioural and Cultural Studies > Institute of Psychology
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Orthopädische Klinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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