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High prevalence and predominance of BRCA1 germline mutations in Pakistani triple-negative breast cancer patients

Rashid, Muhammad Usman ; Muhammad, Noor ; Bajwa, Seerat ; Faisal, Saima ; Tahseen, Muhammad ; Lorenzo Bermejo, Justo ; Amin, Asim ; Loya, Asif ; Hamann, Ute

In: BMC Cancer, 16 (2016), Nr. 673. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1471-2407

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Download (541kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragHigh prevalence and predominance of BRCA1 germline mutations in Pakistani triple-negative breast cancer patients by Rashid, Muhammad Usman ; Muhammad, Noor ; Bajwa, Seerat ; Faisal, Saima ; Tahseen, Muhammad ; Lorenzo Bermejo, Justo ; Amin, Asim ; Loya, Asif ; Hamann, Ute underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: Women harboring BRCA1/2 germline mutations have high lifetime risk of developing breast/ovarian cancer. The recommendation to pursue BRCA1/2 testing is based on patient’s family history of breast/ovarian cancer, age of disease-onset and/or pathologic parameters of breast tumors. Here, we investigated if diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) independently increases risk of carrying a BRCA1/2 mutation in Pakistan. Methods: Five hundred and twenty-three breast cancer patients including 237 diagnosed ≤ 30 years of age and 286 with a family history of breast/ovarian cancer were screened for BRCA1/2 small-range mutations and large genomic rearrangements. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed at one center. Univariate and multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate possible differences in prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations according to patient and tumor characteristics. Results: Thirty-seven percent of patients presented with TNBC. The prevalence of BRCA1 mutations was higher in patients with TNBC than non-TNBC (37% vs. 10%, P < 0.0001). 1% of TNBC patients were observed to have BRCA2 mutations. Subgroup analyses revealed a larger proportion of BRCA1 mutations in TNBC than non-TNBC among patients 1) diagnosed at early-age with no family history of breast/ovarian cancer (14% vs. 5%, P = 0.03), 2) diagnosed at early-age irrespective of family history (28% vs. 11%, P = 0.0003), 3) had a family history of breast cancer (49% vs. 12%, P < 0.0001), and 4) those with family history of breast and ovarian cancer (81% vs. 28%, P = 0.0005). TNBC patients harboring BRCA1 mutations were diagnosed at a later age than non-carriers (median age at diagnosis: 30 years (range 22–53) vs. 28 years (range 18–67), P = 0.002). The association between TNBC status and presence of BRCA1 mutations was independent of the simultaneous consideration of family phenotype, tumor histology and grade in a multiple logistic regression model (Ratio of the probability of carrying BRCA1/2 mutations for TNBC vs. non-TNBC 4.23; 95% CI 2.50–7.14; P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Genetic BRCA1 testing should be considered for Pakistani women diagnosed with TNBC.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Cancer
Volume: 16
Number: 673
Publisher: BioMed Central; Springer
Place of Publication: London; Berlin; Heidelberg
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2016 09:54
Date: 2016
ISSN: 1471-2407
Page Range: pp. 1-10
Faculties / Institutes: Service facilities > German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Medizinische Biometrie und Informatik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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