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Spatial transcriptome analysis reveals Notch pathway-associated prognostic markers in IDH1 wild-type glioblastoma involving the subventricular zone

Jungk, Christine ; Mock, Andreas ; Exner, Janina ; Geisenberger, Christoph ; Warta, Rolf ; Capper, David ; Abdollahi, Amir ; Friauf, Sara ; Lahrmann, Bernd ; Grabe, Niels ; Beckhove, Philipp ; von Deimling, Andreas ; Unterberg, Andreas ; Herold-Mende, Christel

In: BMC Medicine, 14 (2016), Nr. 170. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1741-7015

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Download (2MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragSpatial transcriptome analysis reveals Notch pathway-associated prognostic markers in IDH1 wild-type glioblastoma involving the subventricular zone by Jungk, Christine ; Mock, Andreas ; Exner, Janina ; Geisenberger, Christoph ; Warta, Rolf ; Capper, David ; Abdollahi, Amir ; Friauf, Sara ; Lahrmann, Bernd ; Grabe, Niels ; Beckhove, Philipp ; von Deimling, Andreas ; Unterberg, Andreas ; Herold-Mende, Christel underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: The spatial relationship of glioblastoma (GBM) to the subventricular zone (SVZ) is associated with inferior patient survival. However, the underlying molecular phenotype is largely unknown. We interrogated an SVZ-dependent transcriptome and potential location-specific prognostic markers. Methods: mRNA microarray data of a discovery set (n = 36 GBMs) were analyzed for SVZ-dependent gene expression and process networks using the MetaCore™ workflow. Differential gene expression was confirmed by qPCR in a validation set of 142 IDH1 wild-type GBMs that was also used for survival analysis. Results: Microarray analysis revealed a transcriptome distinctive of SVZ+ GBM that was enriched for genes associated with Notch signaling. No overlap was found to The Cancer Genome Atlas’s molecular subtypes. Independent validation of SVZ-dependent expression confirmed four genes with simultaneous prognostic impact: overexpression of HES4 (p = 0.034; HR 1.55) and DLL3 (p = 0.017; HR 1.61) predicted inferior, and overexpression of NTRK2 (p = 0.049; HR 0.66) and PIR (p = 0.025; HR 0.62) superior overall survival (OS). Additionally, overexpression of DLL3 was predictive of shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (p = 0.043; HR 1.64). Multivariate analysis revealed overexpression of HES4 to be independently associated with inferior OS (p = 0.033; HR 2.03), and overexpression of DLL3 with inferior PFS (p = 0.046; HR 1.65). Conclusions: We identified four genes with SVZ-dependent expression and prognostic significance, among those HES4 and DLL3 as part of Notch signaling, suggesting further evaluation of location-tailored targeted therapies.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Medicine
Volume: 14
Number: 170
Publisher: BioMed Central; Springer
Place of Publication: London; Berlin; Heidelberg
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 13:15
Date: 2016
ISSN: 1741-7015
Page Range: pp. 1-16
Faculties / Institutes: Service facilities > Bioquant
Service facilities > German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Neurochirurgische Universitätsklinik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Radiologische Universitätsklinik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Medizinische Biometrie und Informatik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Pathologisches Institut
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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