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From hybridomas to a robust microalgal-based production platform: molecular design of a diatom secreting monoclonal antibodies directed against the Marburg virus nucleoprotein

Hempel, Franziska ; Maurer, Michael ; Brockmann, Björn ; Mayer, Christian ; Biedenkopf, Nadine ; Kelterbaum, Anne ; Becker, Stephan ; Maier, Uwe G.

In: Microbial Cell Factories, 16 (2017), Nr. 131. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1475-2859

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Download (4MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragFrom hybridomas to a robust microalgal-based production platform: molecular design of a diatom secreting monoclonal antibodies directed against the Marburg virus nucleoprotein by Hempel, Franziska ; Maurer, Michael ; Brockmann, Björn ; Mayer, Christian ; Biedenkopf, Nadine ; Kelterbaum, Anne ; Becker, Stephan ; Maier, Uwe G. underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: The ideal protein expression system should provide recombinant proteins in high quality and quantity involving low production costs only. However, especially for complex therapeutic proteins like monoclonal antibodies many challenges remain to meet this goal and up to now production of monoclonal antibodies is very costly and delicate. Particularly, emerging disease outbreaks like Ebola virus in Western Africa in 2014–2016 make it necessary to reevaluate existing production platforms and develop robust and cheap alternatives that are easy to handle. Results: In this study, we engineered the microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum to produce monoclonal IgG antibodies against the nucleoprotein of Marburg virus, a close relative of Ebola virus causing severe hemorrhagic fever with high fatality rates in humans. Sequences for both chains of a mouse IgG antibody were retrieved from a murine hybridoma cell line and implemented in the microalgal system. Fully assembled antibodies were shown to be secreted by the alga and antibodies were proven to be functional in western blot, ELISA as well as IFA studies just like the original hybridoma produced IgG. Furthermore, synthetic variants with constant regions of a rabbit IgG and human IgG with optimized codon usage were produced and characterized. Conclusions: This study highlights the potential of microalgae as robust and low cost expression platform for monoclonal antibodies secreting IgG antibodies directly into the culture medium. Microalgae possess rapid growth rates, need basically only water, air and sunlight for cultivation and are very easy to handle.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Microbial Cell Factories
Volume: 16
Number: 131
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 09:29
Date: 2017
ISSN: 1475-2859
Page Range: pp. 1-10
Faculties / Institutes: Service facilities > Center for Molecular Biology Heidelberg
Subjects: 570 Life sciences
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