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The EEF1A2 gene expression as risk predictor in localized prostate cancer

Worst, Thomas Stefan ; Waldbillig, Frank ; Abdelhadi, Abdallah ; Weis, Cleo-Aron ; Gottschalt, Maria ; Steidler, Annette ; von Hardenberg, Jost ; Michel, Maurice Stephan ; Erben, Philipp

In: BMC Urology, 17 (2017), Nr. 86. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1471-2490

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragThe EEF1A2 gene expression as risk predictor in localized prostate cancer by Worst, Thomas Stefan ; Waldbillig, Frank ; Abdelhadi, Abdallah ; Weis, Cleo-Aron ; Gottschalt, Maria ; Steidler, Annette ; von Hardenberg, Jost ; Michel, Maurice Stephan ; Erben, Philipp underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Germany

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Abstract

Background: Besides clinical stage and Gleason score, risk-stratification of prostate cancer in the pretherapeutic setting mainly relies on the serum PSA level. Yet, this is associated with many uncertainties. With regard to therapy decision-making, additional markers are needed to allow an exact risk prediction. Eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha 2 (EEF1A2) was previously suggested as driver of tumor progression and potential biomarker. In the present study its functional and prognostic relevance in prostate cancer was investigated. Methods: EEF1A2 expression was analyzed in two cohorts of patients (n = 40 and n = 59) with localized PCa. Additionally data from two large expression dataset (MSKCC, Cell, 2010 with n = 131 localized, n = 19 metastatic PCa and TCGA provisional data, n = 499) of PCa patients were reanalyzed. The expression of EEF1A2 was correlated with histopathology features and biochemical recurrence (BCR). To evaluate the influence of EEF1A2 on proliferation and migration of metastatic PC3 cells, siRNA interference was used. Statistical significance was tested with t-test, Mann-Whitney-test, Pearson correlation and log-rank test. Results: qRT-PCR revealed EEF1A2 to be significantly overexpressed in PCa tissue, with an increase according to tumor stage in one cohort (p = 0.0443). In silico analyses in the MSKCC cohort confirmed the overexpression of EEF1A2 in localized PCa with high Gleason score (p = 0.0142) and in metastatic lesions (p = 0.0038). Patients with EEF1A2 overexpression had a significantly shorter BCR-free survival (p = 0.0028). EEF1A2 expression was not correlated with serum PSA levels. Similar results were seen in the TCGA cohort, where EEF1A2 overexpression only occurred in tumors with Gleason 7 or higher. Patients with elevated EEF1A2 expression had a significantly shorter BCR-free survival (p = 0.043). EEF1A2 knockdown significantly impaired the migration, but not the proliferation of metastatic PC3 cells. Conclusion: The overexpression of EEF1A2 is a frequent event in localized PCa and is associated with histopathology features and a shorter biochemical recurrence-free survival. Due to its independence from serum PSA levels, EEF1A2 could serve as valuable biomarker in risk-stratification of localized PCa.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Urology
Volume: 17
Number: 86
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 07:42
Date: 2017
ISSN: 1471-2490
Page Range: pp. 1-9
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim > Pathologisches Institut MA
Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim > Urologische Klinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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