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Community perception regarding childhood vaccinations and its implications for effectiveness: a qualitative study in rural Burkina Faso

Kagoné, M. ; Yé, M. ; Nébié, E. ; Sié, A. ; Müller, O. ; Beiersmann, C.

In: BMC Public Health, 18 (2018), Nr. 324. pp. 2-10. ISSN 1471-2458

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Download (431kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragCommunity perception regarding childhood vaccinations and its implications for effectiveness: a qualitative study in rural Burkina Faso by Kagoné, M. ; Yé, M. ; Nébié, E. ; Sié, A. ; Müller, O. ; Beiersmann, C. underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: Vaccination has contributed to major reductions in global morbidity and mortality, but there remain significant coverage gaps. Better knowledge on the interplay between population and health systems regarding provision of vaccination information and regarding health staff organization during the immunization sessions appears to be important for improvements of vaccination effectiveness.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area, rural Burkina Faso, from March to April 2014. We employed a combination of in-depth interviews (n = 29) and focus group discussions (n = 4) including children’s mothers, health workers, godmothers, community health workers and traditional healers. A thematic analysis was performed. All material was transcribed, translated and analyzed using the software ATLAS.ti4.2.

Results: There was better social mobilization in the rural areas as compared to the urban area. Most mothers know the Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) target diseases, and the importance to immunize their children. However, the great majority of informants reported that mothers don’t know the vaccination schedule. There is awareness that some children are incompletely vaccinated. Mentioned reasons for that were migration, mothers being busy with their work, the practice of not opening vaccine vials unless a critical number of children are present, poor interaction between women and health workers during immunization sessions, potential adverse events associated with vaccination, geographic inaccessibility during rainy season, and lack of information.

Conclusions: Well organized vaccination programs are a key factor to improve child health and there is a clear need to consider community perceptions on program performance. In Burkina Faso, a number of factors have been identified which need attention by the EPI managers for further improvement of program effectiveness.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Public Health
Volume: 18
Number: 324
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2018 11:21
Date: 2018
ISSN: 1471-2458
Page Range: pp. 2-10
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Public Health (IPH)
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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