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Malaria training for community health workers in the setting of elimination: a qualitative study from China

Lu, Guangyu ; Liu, Yaobao ; Wang, Jinsong ; Li, Xiangming ; Liu, Xing ; Beiersmann, Claudia ; Feng, Yu ; Cao, Jun ; Müller, Olaf

In: Malaria journal, 17 (2018), Nr. 95. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1475-2875

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragMalaria training for community health workers in the setting of elimination: a qualitative study from China by Lu, Guangyu ; Liu, Yaobao ; Wang, Jinsong ; Li, Xiangming ; Liu, Xing ; Beiersmann, Claudia ; Feng, Yu ; Cao, Jun ; Müller, Olaf underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: Continuous training of health workers is a key intervention to maintain their good performance and keep their vigilance during malaria elimination programmes. However, countries progressing toward malaria elimination have a largely decreased malaria disease burden, less frequent exposure of health workers to malaria patients, and new challenges in the epidemiology of the remaining malaria cases. Moreover, competing health priorities and usually a decline in resources and in political commitment also pose challenges to the elimination programme. As a consequence, the acceptability, sustainability, and impact of malaria training and education programmes face challenges. However, little is known of the perceptions and expectations of malaria training and education programmes of health workers being engaged in countries with malaria elimination programmes.

Methods: This qualitative study provides information on perceptions and expectations of health workers of malaria training programmes from China, which aims to malaria elimination by the year 2020. This study was embedded into a larger study on the challenges and lessons learned during the malaria surveillance strategy in China, involving 42 interviews with malaria experts, health staff, laboratory practitioners, and village doctors at the provincial, city, county, township, and village levels from Gansu province (northwestern China) and Jiangsu province (southeastern China).

Results: In the context of an increasing number of imported malaria cases in China, the majority of respondents emphasized the necessity and importance of such programmes and complained about a decreasing frequency of training courses. Moreover, they called for innovative strategies to improve the implementation and sustainability of the malaria training programmes until the elimination goal has been achieved. Perceptions and expectations of health workers from different health centres were quite different. Health workers from higher-level facilities were more concerned about technical training aspects, while health workers from periphery of the health system expected to receive more training on field work coordination and on specific public health actions with regard to case detection and focus investigation.

Conclusions: There is need to guarantee an ongoing good training of health workers in China on malaria aspects until the year 2020 and probably beyond.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Malaria journal
Volume: 17
Number: 95
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2018 14:17
Date: 2018
ISSN: 1475-2875
Page Range: pp. 1-11
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Public Health (IPH)
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
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