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Differentiating BPD in adolescents with NSSI disorder: the role of adverse childhood experiences and current social relationships

Hessels, Christel J. ; Laceulle, Odilia M. ; van Aken, Marcel A. G. ; Resch, Franz ; Kaess, Michael

In: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 5 (2018), Nr. 20. pp. 1-11. ISSN 2051-6673

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Download (561kB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragDifferentiating BPD in adolescents with NSSI disorder: the role of adverse childhood experiences and current social relationships by Hessels, Christel J. ; Laceulle, Odilia M. ; van Aken, Marcel A. G. ; Resch, Franz ; Kaess, Michael underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: As borderline personality disorder (BPD) is increasingly considered a lifespan developmental disorder, we need to focus on risk factors and precursors in the developmental pathways to BPD, in order to enable early detection and intervention. Within this developmental pathway, adolescence is a crucial phase in the light of the manifestation of the disorder. Relational factors such as adverse childhood experiences and current relational problems can be considered important in adolescents who are at-risk for BPD. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key precursor for adolescent BPD and one of the most promising targets for early detection and intervention of BPD.

Methods: In a clinical sample of 152 adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) disorder referred to mental healthcare in Germany, this study investigated whether we can differentiate who has BPD from 1) adverse childhood experiences; and 2) the quality of current relationships, both with parents and peers. BPD was assessed both categorically as a dichotomized score and dimensionally as a continuous score.

Results: More adverse childhood experiences, but not low quality of current social relationships, were related to more BPD symptoms and an increased risk for meeting full criteria for BPD. In the dimensional model, current social relationship quality with parents and peers did not show a moderating (protecting or aggravating) effect on the association between adverse childhood experiences and BPD. Using a categorical approach, however, the association between childhood adversity and meeting full criteria for BPD was higher in individuals reporting higher quality of current parent-child relationship.

Conclusions: These results highlight adverse childhood experiences as risk factors of BPD, while the role of current social relationships seems more complex.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Volume: 5
Number: 20
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 15:03
Date: 2018
ISSN: 2051-6673
Page Range: pp. 1-11
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Borderline personality disorder (BPD), Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), Adverse childhood experiences, Relationship quality, Adolescent
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