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Immunosuppressive therapy influences the accelerated age-dependent T-helper cell differentiation in systemic lupus erythematosus remission patients

Schaier, Matthias ; Gottschalk, Claudius ; Uhlmann, Lorenz ; Speer, Claudius ; Kälble, Florian ; Eckstein, Volker ; Müller-Tidow, Carsten ; Meuer, Stefan ; Mahnke, Karsten ; Lorenz, Hanns-Martin ; Zeier, Martin ; Steinborn, Andrea

In: Arthritis Research & Therapy, 20 (2018), Nr. 278. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1478-6362

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragImmunosuppressive therapy influences the accelerated age-dependent T-helper cell differentiation in systemic lupus erythematosus remission patients by Schaier, Matthias ; Gottschalk, Claudius ; Uhlmann, Lorenz ; Speer, Claudius ; Kälble, Florian ; Eckstein, Volker ; Müller-Tidow, Carsten ; Meuer, Stefan ; Mahnke, Karsten ; Lorenz, Hanns-Martin ; Zeier, Martin ; Steinborn, Andrea underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: CD4+ T cells are of great importance in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), as an imbalance between CD4+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) and CD4+ responder T cells (Tresps) causes flares of active disease in SLE patients. In this study, we aimed to find the role of aberrant Treg/Tresp cell differentiation for maintaining Treg/Tresp cell balance and Treg functionality.

Methods: To determine differences in the differentiation of Tregs/Tresps we calculated the percentages of CD45RA+CD31+ recent thymic emigrant (RTE) Tregs/Tresps and CD45RA+CD31− mature naive (MN) Tregs/Tresps, as well as CD45RA−CD31+ and CD45RA−CD31− memory Tregs/Tresps (CD31+ and CD31− memory Tregs/Tresps) within the total Treg/Tresp pool of 78 SLE remission patients compared with 94 healthy controls of different ages. The proliferation capacity of each Treg/Tresp subset was determined by staining the cells with anti-Ki67 monoclonal antibodies. Differences in the autologous or allogeneic Treg function between SLE remission patients and healthy controls were determined using suppression assays.

Results: With age, we found an increased differentiation of RTE Tregs via CD31+ memory Tregs and of RTE Tresps via MN Tresps into CD31− memory Tregs/Tresp in healthy volunteers. This opposite differentiation of RTE Tregs and Tresps was associated with an age-dependent increase in the suppressive activity of both naive and memory Tregs. SLE patients showed similar age-dependent Treg cell differentiation. However, in these patients RTE Tresps differentiated increasingly via CD31+ memory Tresps, whereby CD31− memory Tresps arose that were much more difficult to inhibit for Tregs than those that emerged through differentiation via MN Tresps. Consequently, the increase in the suppressive activity of Tregs with age could not be maintained in SLE patients. Testing the Tregs of healthy volunteers and SLE patients with autologous and nonautologous Tresps revealed that the significantly decreased Treg function in SLE patients was not exclusively attributed to an age-dependent diminished sensitivity of the Tresps for Treg suppression. The immunosuppressive therapy reduced the accelerated age-dependent Tresp cell proliferation to normal levels, but simultaneously inhibited Treg cell proliferation below normal levels.

Conclusions: Our data reveal that the currently used immunosuppressive therapy has a favorable effect on the differentiation and proliferation of Tresps but has a rather unfavorable effect on the proliferation of Tregs. Newer substances with more specific effects on the immune system would be desirable.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Volume: 20
Number: 278
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2019 11:10
Date: 2018
ISSN: 1478-6362
Page Range: pp. 1-17
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Medizinische Universitäts-Klinik und Poliklinik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Universitäts-Frauenklinik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Universitäts-Hautklinik
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Immunologie
Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Institut für Medizinische Biometrie und Informatik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Systemic lupus erythematosus, T-helper cell differentiation, Regulatory T cells, Proliferation capacity, Immunosuppressive therapy
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