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In vitro wound healing of tumor cells: inhibition of cell migration by selected cytotoxic alkaloids

Wang, Xiaojuan ; Decker, Charlotte Caroline ; Zechner, Laura ; Krstin, Sonja ; Wink, Michael

In: Pharmacology and Toxicology, 20 (2019), Nr. 4. pp. 1-12. ISSN 2050-6511

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Download (4MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragIn vitro wound healing of tumor cells: inhibition of cell migration by selected cytotoxic alkaloids by Wang, Xiaojuan ; Decker, Charlotte Caroline ; Zechner, Laura ; Krstin, Sonja ; Wink, Michael underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

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Abstract

Background: Cell migration is involved in several pathological processes such as tumor invasion, neoangiogenesis and metastasis. Microtubules are needed in directional migration.

Methods: To investigate the effects of microtubule-binding agents (paclitaxel, vinblastine, colchicine, podophyllotoxin), benzophenanthridine alkaloids (sanguinarine, chelerythrine, chelidonine) and other anti-tumor drugs (homoharringtonine, doxorubicin) on cell migration, we performed the in vitro wound healing assay. The interactions between selected alkaloids and microtubules were studied via U2OS cells expressing microtubule-GFP markers.

Results: The microtubule-binding natural products paclitaxel, vinblastine, colchicine and podophyllotoxin significantly altered microtubule dynamics in living cells and inhibited cell migration at concentrations below apparent cytotoxicity. The benzophenanthridine alkaloid sanguinarine, chelerythrine and chelidonine which affected microtubules in living cells, did not inhibit cell migration. Homoharringtonine (protein biosynthesis inhibitor) and doxorubicin significantly inhibited cell migration, however, they did not exert obvious effects on microtubules.

Conclusion: In this study, we demonstrated that microtubule-binding agents are effective anti-migrating agents; moreover, homoharringtonine and doxorubicin can be referred as anti-migrating agents, but direct microtubule dynamics are not involved in their mode of action. Our study provides evidence that some alkaloids and other microtubule-binding natural products may be interesting candidates for the development of novel agents against metastasis.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Pharmacology and Toxicology
Volume: 20
Number: 4
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2019 15:06
Date: 2019
ISSN: 2050-6511
Page Range: pp. 1-12
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Bio Sciences > Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology
Subjects: 570 Life sciences
610 Medical sciences Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cell migration, Microtubule, In vitro wound healing assay, Microtubule-binding agents, Benzophenanthridine alkaloids, Homoharringtonine
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