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Optic disc shape in patients with long-lasting unilateral esotropia and exotropia

Shang, Kunte ; Dai, Yi ; Liu, Hong ; Qu, Xiaomei ; Wen, Wen ; Jonas, Jost B.

In: BMC Ophthalmology, 19 (2019), Nr. 185. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1471-2415

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Background: Horizontal eye movements have been proposed to induce biomechanical stress and strain on optic nerve head. Since strabismus may lead to sustained adduction or abduction, we investigate the effects of long lasting unilateral horizontal strabismus on the morphology of optic disc.

Methods: The observational cross-sectional study included patients with unilateral constant horizontal strabismus lasting for more than two years. The patients underwent an ophthalmological examination including refraction and morphometry of the optic nerve head. A prism cover test using right angle glass prism was performed to measure the magnitude of the ocular deviation.

Results: The study included 70 patients with a unilateral constant strabismus (35 esotropic patients, 35 exotropic patients) with a mean age of 26 ± 19 years, mean refractive error of − 0.72 ± 3.3 diopters, mean axial length of 23.8 ± 1.7 mm, and a mean angle of deviation of 87 ± 36 prism diopters (Chinese right-angle glass method) in the esotropic group and − 97 ± 29 prism diopters in the exotropic group. In the whole study population and taken separately in the esotropic group and exotropic group, the disc ovality index (defined as ratio of minimal-to-maximal optic disc diameter) did not differ significantly between the deviating eyes and the contralateral fixating eyes (all P > 0.05). As a corollary, the disc ovality index and the prevalence of parapapillary beta/gamma zone did not differ significantly between the esotropic group and the exotropic group (all P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Optic disc ovality did not differ markedly among long-lasting esotropic eyes, exotropic eyes, and non-strabismic eyes. It suggests that optic disc shape may not be markedly influenced in non-highly myopic eyes by a potential backward pull of the optic nerve on the optic disc structures in adduction or abduction.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Ophthalmology
Volume: 19
Number: 185
Publisher: BioMed Central
Place of Publication: London
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 13:22
Date: 2019
ISSN: 1471-2415
Page Range: pp. 1-6
Faculties / Institutes: Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg > Universitäts-Augenklinik
Subjects: 610 Medical sciences Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optic disc shape, Esotropia, Exotropia, Optic disc ovality, Optic nerve, Myopia
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