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Graph-based Patterns for Local Coherence Modeling

Mesgar, Mohsen

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Abstract

Coherence is an essential property of well-written texts. It distinguishes a multi-sentence text from a sequence of randomly strung sentences. The task of local coherence modeling is about the way that sentences in a text link up one another. Solving this task is beneficial for assessing the quality of texts. Moreover, a coherence model can be integrated into text generation systems such as text summarizers to produce coherent texts. In this dissertation, we present a graph-based approach to local coherence modeling that accounts for the connectivity structure among sentences in a text. Graphs give our model the capability to take into account relations between non-adjacent sentences as well as those between adjacent sentences. Besides, the connectivity style among nodes in graphs reflects the relationships among sentences in a text. We first employ the entity graph approach, proposed by Guinaudeau and Strube (2013), to represent a text via a graph. In the entity graph representation of a text, nodes encode sentences and edges depict the existence of a pair of coreferent mentions in sentences. We then devise graph-based features to capture the connectivity structure of nodes in a graph, and accordingly the connectivity structure of sentences in the corresponding text. We extract all subgraphs of entity graphs as features which encode the connectivity structure of graphs. Frequencies of subgraphs correlate with the perceived coherence of their corresponding texts. Therefore, we refer to these subgraphs as coherence patterns. In order to complete our approach to coherence modeling, we propose a new graph representation of texts, rather than the entity graph. Our approach employs lexico-semantic relations among words in sentences, instead of only entity coreference relations, to model relationships between sentences via a graph. This new lexical graph representation of text plus our method for mining coherence patterns make our coherence model. We evaluate our approach on the readability assessment task because a primary factor of readability is coherence. Coherent texts are easy to read and consequently demand less effort from their readers. Our extensive experiments on two separate readability assessment datasets show that frequencies of coherence patterns in texts correlate with the readability ratings assigned by human judges. By training a machine learning method on our coherence patterns, our model outperforms its counterparts on ranking texts with respect to their readability. As one of the ultimate goals of coherence models is to be used in text generation systems, we show how our coherence patterns can be integrated into a graph-based text summarizer to produce informative and coherent summaries. Our coherence patterns improve the performance of the summarization system based on both standard summarization metrics and human evaluations. An implementation of the approaches discussed in this dissertation is publicly available.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Strube, Prof. Dr. Michael
Place of Publication: Heidelberg
Date of thesis defense: 18 March 2018
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2020 12:33
Date: 2020
Faculties / Institutes: Neuphilologische Fakultät > Institut für Computerlinguistik
Subjects: 004 Data processing Computer science
400 Linguistics
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