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Albert E. Henselmann (1890-1974) : Der Weg zur Form?

Maier, Michaela

English Title: Albert E. Henselmann (1890-1974) : Development of Form?

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Abstract

Leben und Werk des in Offenburg geborenen Malers und Bildhauers Albert E. Henselmann spiegeln die Komplexität der sozialen und politischen Umbrüche des 20. Jahrhunderts ebenso wider, wie die wachsende Bedeutung abstrakter Formensprachen in der Kunst. Nach Ende seiner Ausbildung an den Kunstakademien in Karlsruhe und München ließ Henselmann sich 1925 in Mannheim nieder. Es folgten Jahre der künstlerischen Prosperität: Der Maler und Bildhauer löste sich von einer inhaltlich und stilistisch durch die Akademiekunst geprägten Malweise und wandte sich erfolgreich der Neuen Sachlichkeit zu. Mit der Machtübernahme durch die Nationalsozialisten 1933 begann ein Prozess der Ausgrenzung, der nach Arbeitsverbot sowie Beschlagnahmung dreier Arbeiten des Künstlers aus der Kunsthalle Mannheim schließlich 1938 mit der Flucht in die Schweiz endete. Im Jahr 1950 entschloss sich Albert E. Henselmann, aus dem Schweizer Exil nicht nach Deutschland zurückzukehren, sondern einen neuen Anfang in den USA zu wagen. Nachdem sein künstlerisches Schaffen im folgenden Jahrzehnt den Zwängen des wirtschaftlichen Überlebens unterlag, knüpfte Henselmann in seinem Spätwerk an frühere Entwicklungen an und verfolgte eigene, abstrakt-konstruktivistische Ansätze.

Translation of abstract (English)

Life and work of Albert E. Henselmann - a painter and sculptor who was born in Offenburg - reflect notably the complexity of political and social changes as well as the growing significance of abstract forms of expression in art within the 20th century. Subsequent to his studies of visual arts at the academies of Karlsruhe and Munich, Henselmann established himself as an artist and teacher at the city of Mannheim in 1925. The following years have been characterized by a high artistic as well as social prosperity. The painter and sculptor left behind the contents and style of an academically orientated manner and - very successfully - turned towards the Neue Sachlichkeit (also known as Precisionist View). After the national socialists came into power in 1933, a process of social and artistic marginalisation set off which originated in the prohibition to work and culminated in the seizure of three graphical works out of the collections of the Kunsthalle at Mannheim. Finally, in 1938, the artist and his family flew to Switzerland. In 1950, Albert E. Henselmann decided not to return to Germany but to seek a new start in the United States. During the first decade there, his artistic work had been mainly subject to economic survival. However, throughout the 1960s until shortly before his dead he could tie up to earlier artistic developments and follow own abstract and constructivist approaches.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Saurma, Prof. Dr. Lieselotte E.
Date of thesis defense: 5. February 2003
Date Deposited: 23. Jun 2003 15:11
Date: 2002
Faculties / Institutes: Philosophische Fakultät > Kunsthistorisches Institut
Service facilities > Art History (special subject collection)
Subjects: 730 Plastic arts Sculpture
Controlled Keywords: Neue Sachlichkeit, Entartete Kunst, Exil / Kunst, Abstraktion, Offenburg
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deutschland , Schweiz , Tessin , USAPrecisionst View , Exil Art , Abstraction , Lost Art
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