European Journal of Biochemistry, 1987 (163). pp. 519-528.
The signal-recognition particle (SRP) is a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex consisting of six different polypeptide chains and a 7SL RNA. It participates in initiating the translocation of proteins across the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum, SRP was disassembled in 2 M KCl into three components, one RNP composed of 7SL RNA and the 54-kDa and 19-kDa proteins, and two heterodimers consisting of the 72/68-kDa and the 14/9-kDa proteins respectively. The 54-kDa protein could be released from the RNP subparticle by chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose in Mg2 ’ -depleted buffer, while the 19-kDa protein remained bound to the 7SL RNA. The domain structure of SRP proteins was probed by using mild elastase treatment and protein-specific antibodies. It was found that the 72, 68, 54 and 19-kDa SRP proteins were proteolytically processed in distinct steps. Most remarkably a protein fragment of 55-kDa, generated from the 72-kDa SRP protein, and a 35-kDa fragment from the 54-kDa SRP protein were both released from the RNP particle. Fragments generated from the 68-kDa protein and detectable with the anti-(68-kDa protein) antibody remained associated with the RNP particle. Cleavage of the SRP proteins by elastase at 2.5 pg/ml resulted in partial loss of activity, while 10 lg/ml caused complete inactivation of the particle. Neither the elongation arrest of IgG light chain nor its translocation across SRP-depleted microsomal membranes was promoted. The implications of these results on the possible interaction between the SRP subunits are discussed.
|Journal or Publication Title:||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Page Range:||pp. 519-528|
|Faculties / Institutes:||Service facilities > Center for Molecular Biology Heidelberg|
|Subjects:||570 Life sciences|
|Schriftenreihe ID:||Works by Bernhard Dobberstein|