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Galois theory for iterative connections and nonreduced Galois groups

Maurischat, Andreas

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Official URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/0712.3748v3
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Abstract

This article presents a theory of modules with iterative connection. This theory is a generalisation of the theory of modules with connection in characteristic zero as given by N. Katz to modules over rings of arbitrary characteristic. We show that these modules with iterative connection (and also the modules with integrable iterative connection) form a Tannakian category, assuming some nice properties for the underlying ring, and we show how this generalises to modules over schemes. Stratifications on modules as introduced by A. Grothendieck generalise the notion of integrable (ordinary) connections in another way. However, over smooth rings, we obtain an equivalence of stratifications and integrable iterative connections. Furthermore, over a regular ring in positive characteristic, we show that the category of modules with integrable iterative connection is also equivalent to the category of flat bundles as defined by D. Gieseker. In the second part of this article, we set up a Picard-Vessiot theory for fields of solutions. For such a Picard-Vessiot extension, we obtain a Galois correspondence, which takes into account even nonreduced closed subgroup schemes of the Galois group scheme on one hand and inseparable intermediate extensions of the Picard-Vessiot extension on the other hand. Finally, we compare our Galois theory with the Galois theory for purely inseparable field extensions given by S. Chase.

Item Type: Preprint
Series Name: IWR-Preprints
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2009 09:33
Date: 2008
Faculties / Institutes: Service facilities > Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing
Subjects: 510 Mathematics
Controlled Keywords: Galois-Theorie, Differential-Galois-Theorie, Integrierbarer Zusammenhang
Uncontrolled Keywords: Inseparable Erweiterungeninseparable extensions
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