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Reconciling material cultures in archaeology with genetic data: The nomenclature of clusters emerging from archaeogenomic analysis

Eisenmann, Stefanie ; Bánffy, Eszter ; Dommelen, Peter van ; Hofmann, Kerstin P. ; Maran, Joseph ; Lazaridis, Iosif ; Mittnik, Alissa ; McCormick, Michael ; Krause, Johannes ; Reich, David ; Stockhammer, Philipp W.

In: Scientific reports, 8 (2018), pp. 1-12

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Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons LizenzvertragReconciling material cultures in archaeology with genetic data: The nomenclature of clusters emerging from archaeogenomic analysis by Eisenmann, Stefanie ; Bánffy, Eszter ; Dommelen, Peter van ; Hofmann, Kerstin P. ; Maran, Joseph ; Lazaridis, Iosif ; Mittnik, Alissa ; McCormick, Michael ; Krause, Johannes ; Reich, David ; Stockhammer, Philipp W. underlies the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0
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Abstract

Genome-wide ancient DNA analysis of skeletons retrieved from archaeological excavations has provided a powerful new tool for the investigation of past populations and migrations. An important objective for the coming years is to properly integrate ancient genomics into archaeological research. This article aims to contribute to developing a better understanding and cooperation between the two disciplines and beyond. It focuses on the question of how best to name clusters encountered when analysing the genetic makeup of past human populations. Recent studies have frequently borrowed archaeological cultural designations to name these genetic groups, while neglecting the historically problematic nature of the concept of cultures in archaeology. After reviewing current practices in naming genetic clusters, we introduce three possible nomenclature systems (‘numeric system’, ‘mixed system (a)’, ‘geographic-temporal system’) along with their advantages and challenges.

Document type: Article
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 09:51
Faculties / Institutes: Research Project, Working Group > Individuals
DDC-classification: Alte Geschichte, Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Archäologie
Subject (Propylaeum): Prehistoric Archaeology
Controlled Subjects: Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Paläopathologie, Sachkultur, DNS, Nomenklatur
Subject (classification): History of the ancient world to ca. 499