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A Novel Flavour Tagging Algorithm using Machine Learning Techniques and a Precision Measurement of the B0-AntiB0 Oscillation Frequency at the LHCb Experiment

Kreplin, Katharina

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Abstract

This thesis presents a novel flavour tagging algorithm using machine learning techniques and a precision measurement of the B0-AntiB0 oscillation frequency delta m_d using semileptonic B0 decays. The LHC Run I data set is used which corresponds to 3 fb^-1 of data taken by the LHCb experiment at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV and 8 TeV. The performance of flavour tagging algorithms, exploiting the b Anti-b pair production and the b quark hadronization, is relatively low at the LHC due to the large amount of soft QCD background in inelastic proton-proton collisions. The standard approach is a cut-based selection of particles, whose charges are correlated to the production flavour of the B meson. The novel tagging algorithm classifies the particles using an artificial neural network (ANN). It assigns higher weights to particles, which are likely to be correlated to the b flavour. A second ANN combines the particles with the highest weights to derive the tagging decision. An increase of the opposite side kaon tagging performance of 50% and 30% is achieved on B^+ to J/Psi K^+ data. The second number corresponds to a readjustment of the algorithm to the B0_s production topology. This algorithm is employed in the precision measurement of delta m_d. A data set of 3.2x10^6 semileptonic B0 decays is analysed, where the B0 decays into a D^-(K^+ pi^- pi^-) or D^*- (pi^- AntiD0(K^+ pi^-)) and a mu^+ nu_mu pair. The nu_mu is not reconstructed, therefore, the B0 momentum needs to be statistically corrected for the missing momentum of the neutrino to compute the correct B0 decay time. A result of delta m_d = 0.503 +- 0.002 (stat.) +- 0.001 (syst.) ps^-1 is obtained. This is the world's best measurement of this quantity.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Hansmann-Menzemer, Prof. Dr. Stephanie
Date of thesis defense: 10 June 2015
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2015 11:10
Date: 2015
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy > Institute of Physics
Subjects: 004 Data processing Computer science
500 Natural sciences and mathematics
530 Physics
Controlled Keywords: machine learning, artificial neural network, LHCb precision measurement, flavour tagging, Bd mixing, oscillation frequency, LHC
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flavour tagging;machine learning;artificial neural network;precision measurement;LHCb;LHC;Bd mixing;oscillation frequency
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