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Animated Machines, Organic Souls: Maturana and Aristotle on the Nature of Life

Álvarez-Vázquez, Javier Y.

In: International Journal of Novel Research in Humanity and Social Sciences, 3 (February 2016), Nr. 1. pp. 67-78. ISSN 2394-9694

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Abstract

The emergence of mind is a central issue in cognitive philosophy. The main working assumption of the present paper is that several important insights in answering this question might be provided by the nature of life itself. It is in this line of thinking that this paper compares two major philosophical conceptualizations of the living in the history of theoretical biology, namely those of Maturana and Aristotle. The present paper shows how both thinkers describe the most fundamental properties of the living as autonomous sustenance. The paper also shows how these theoretical insights might have a consequence upon our understanding of a specific constructiveness of human cognition, here referred to as enarrativity, if this can be considered in a structural as well as evolutionary connection with the structure of life as such. The paper finally suggests that the structural connection made here can be traced from the fundamental organization of self-preservation to survival behaviors to constructive orientation and action.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Novel Research in Humanity and Social Sciences
Volume: 3
Number: 1
Publisher: Novelty Journals
Place of Publication: Lucknow, U.P., India
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2016 09:01
Date: February 2016
ISSN: 2394-9694
Page Range: pp. 67-78
Faculties / Institutes: Philosophische Fakultät > Philosophisches Seminar
Subjects: 000 Generalities, Science
100 Philosophy
150 Psychology
300 Social sciences
570 Life sciences
590 Zoological sciences
Controlled Keywords: autopoiesis, soul, system theory, organism, cognitive philosophy, enarrativity, theoretical biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: autopoiesis, soul, system theory, organism, cognitive philosophy, enarrativity, theoretical biology
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