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Spin-dependent potentials, axion-like particles and Lorentz-symmetry violation: beyond the Standard Model phenomenology at the low-energy frontier of physics

Cavalcanti Malta, Pedro

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Abstract

It is well known that the Standard Model is not complete and many of the theories that seek to extend it predict new phenomena that may be accessible in low-energy settings. This thesis deals with some of these, namely, novel spin-dependent interparticle potentials, axion-like particles and Lorentz-symmetry violation. In Part I we discuss the spin-dependent potentials that arise due to the exchange of a topologically massive mediator, and also pursue a comparative study between spin-1/2 and spin-1 sources. In Part II we treat massive axion-like particles that may be copiously produced in core-collapse supernovae, thus leading to a non-standard flux of gamma rays. Using SN 1987A and the fact that after its observation no extra gamma-ray signal was detected, we are able to set robust limits on the parameter space of axion-like particles with masses in the 10 keV - 100MeV range. Finally, in Part III we investigate the effects of Lorentz-breaking backgrounds in QED. We discuss two scenarios: a modification in the Maxwell sector via the Carroll-Field-Jackiw term and a new non-minimal coupling between electrons and photons. We are able to set upper limits on the coefficients of the backgrounds by using laboratory-based measurements.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Jäckel, Prof. Dr. Jörg
Date of thesis defense: 27 June 2017
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2017 14:16
Date: 2017
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy > Institute for Theoretical Physics
Subjects: 500 Natural sciences and mathematics
530 Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: physics beyond the Standard Model; low-energy phenomenology; spin-dependent potentials; axion-like particles; Lorentz-symmetry violation
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