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Relativistic theory of nuclear structure effects in heavy atomic systems

Michel, Niklas

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Abstract

In this thesis, several aspects of nuclear structure effects and corrections from quantum electrodynamics (QED) in the spectra of hydrogen-like systems are investigated. The first part is concerned with the structure of bound states between a muon and an atomic nucleus, so-called muonic atoms. Here, precise calculations for transition energies and probabilities are presented, using state-of-the-art numerical methods. QED corrections, hyperfine interactions, and the interaction with atomic electrons were evaluated and finite nuclear size effects were incorporated non-perturbatively. Furthermore, new methods for the calculation of higher-order corrections for the hyperfine structure are presented, including a complete calculation of the second-order hyperfine structure and leading-order vacuum polarization corrections for extended electric quadrupole distributions inside the nucleus. In connection with recent x-ray spectroscopic measurements on muonic atoms, the nuclear quadrupole moment of Re-185 and Re-187 is extracted. The second part of this thesis is about the g factor of a bound electron and its dependence on the shape of the nuclear charge distribution. A numerical, non-perturbative approach for the calculation of the corresponding nuclear shape correction is presented and implications for the uncertainties of theoretical predictions are discussed. In particular, the model-uncertainty of the finite-nuclear-size correction to the g factor can be reduced due to the more realistic model of the nuclear charge distribution. Finally, calculations of finite-size and vacuum-polarization corrections to the g factor of a muon bound to a He-4 nucleus significantly contribute to the theoretical prediction on the 10^−9 uncertainty level. As shown in an earlier work, an experimental value of the same accuracy could give access to an improved value of the muon’s mass or magnetic moment anomaly.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Keitel, Prof. Dr. Christoph H.
Place of Publication: Heidelberg
Date of thesis defense: 6 February 2019
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2019 08:47
Date: 2019
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy > Dekanat der Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie
Subjects: 500 Natural sciences and mathematics
530 Physics
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