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All-solid-state femtosecond medical lasers and nonlinear laser-tissue interactions

Sun, Hui

German Title: Aller-Festkörper-Staat femtosecond medizinische Laser und nicht lineare Lasergewebewechselwirkungen

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Abstract

Diode pumped all-solid-state ultrafast lasers are promising for mini-invasive refractive surgery and keratoplasty. A funda mental systematical study concerning ultrafast laser tissue interactions is crucial before applying the state of the art laser technology to ophthalmic applications. Porcine cornea samples were treated with three diode pumped all-solid-state ultrafast lasers, namely, a Nd:glass femtosecond laser, a Yb:KYW femtosecond laser, and a Nd:YAG picosecond laser. The pulse width of the ultrafast laser pulses ranges from 800 fs to 20 ps. The corneal ablation threshold as a function of the laser pulse width and the depth in the corneal stroma was precisely determined by simultaneous monitoring of the intensity of the laser-induced plasma and the second harmonic signals coming from the cornea stroma. This study confirmed in a new way that the plasma mediated ablation in the cornea is a function of laser pulse width. Namely the plasma spark and the second harmonic generation signal were detected at the same time. The ablation threshold is proportional to the square root of the laser pulse width, which is consistent with previous studies. The dependence of the corneal ablation threshold on the depth of the stroma is not significant in the first 200 µm. One can determine the LIOB threshold by observing the ablation bubble. One also can determine the LIOB threshold by observing the plasma spark. These two methods have the same sensitivity level.

Item Type: Dissertation
Supervisor: Bille, Prof.Dr. Josef
Date of thesis defense: 26 July 2006
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2006 07:39
Date: 2006
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy > Kirchhoff Institute for Physics
Subjects: 530 Physics
Controlled Keywords: femtosecond laser, Infrarotlaser
Uncontrolled Keywords: femtosecond laser , nonlinear laser-tissue interaction
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