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Modeling of biospheric CO2 gross fluxes via oxygen isotopes in a spruce forest canopy: a 222Rn calibrated box model approach

Langendörfer, Uwe and Cuntz, Matthias and Ciais, Philippe and Peylin, Philippe and Bariac, Thierry and Milyukova, Irena and Kolle, Olaf and Naegler, Tobias and Levin, Ingeborg

In: Tellus 54B, (2002), pp. 476-496.

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Abstract

One-dimensional box model estimates of biospheric CO2 gross fluxes are presented. The results are based on measurements performed during the EUROSIBERIAN CARBONFLUX intensive campaign between July 27 to August 1, 1999 in a natural Picea abies forest in Russia. CO2 mixing ratios and stable isotope ratios of CO2 were measured on flask samples taken in two heights within the canopy. Simultaneously, soil and leaf samples were collected and analysed to derive the 18O/16O ratio of the respective water reservoirs and the 13C/12C ratio of the leaf tissue. The main objective of this project was to investigate biospheric gas exchange with soil and vegetation and, thereby, take advantage of the potential of the 18O/16O ratio in atmospheric CO2. Via exchange of oxygen isotopes with associated liquid water reservoirs, leaf CO2 assimilation fluxes generally enrich while soil CO2 respiration fluxes generally deplete the 18O/16O ratio of atmospheric CO2. In the model, we parameterised intra canopy transport by exploiting soil-borne 222Rn as a tracer for turbulent transport. Our approach showed that, in principle, a net ecosystem CO2 flux can be separated into assimilation and respiration fluxes using oxygen isotopes. However, quantitative partitioning is highly sensitive to the respective discrimination factors, and, therefore, also on the parameterisation of internal leaf CO2 concentrations and gradients.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Tellus 54B
Date Deposited: 08. Aug 2006 14:25
Date: 2002
Page Range: pp. 476-496
Faculties / Institutes: The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy > Institute of Environmental Physics
Subjects: 530 Physics
Controlled Keywords: Kohlenstoffkreislauf
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sauerstoffisotope , 18O , 222Radonoxygen isotopes , carbon cycle , 222radon
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